Knowing when food is safe to eat can be tough and research shows that food labels leave many none-the-wiser.

According to WRAP, approximately 6.6 million tonnes of food is thrown away by households per year before being cooked or served, that’s £24 per month for the average household. Confusion around what date labels mean and storage guidance is a major contributing factor. Whilst food waste has implications for our hard earned cash, wasting food also puts a strain on our natural resources and increases greenhouse gases.

The biggest source of confusion is the difference between 'best before' and 'use by' dates. 

Use by is about safety

Use by dates relate to the food’s safety and are the most important date to remember! Foods can be eaten (and most can be frozen) up until the use by date, but not after. You will see use by dates on food that has a short shelf life, such as meat or ready-prepared salads. For the use by to be a valid guide, you must carefully follow storage instructions.

Best Before date is about quality

Best before dates relate to the quality of the food, rather than safety. Food will be safe to eat after this date but may not be at its best in terms of texture or flavour. However, in many instances, food will taste the same after its best before date. In some cases, these foods can be given a new lease of life with a quick culinary fix. Vegetables that are bendy or withered can be cooked. Bread that is a little stale can be toasted. Biscuits that are a little soft can be put into puddings, and cheese can be trimmed down or melted.

The best before dates appear on a wide range of fresh, frozen, dried and tinned foods. Like the use by date, the best before date will only be accurate if the food is stored according to the instructions on the label and your fridge is at the correct temperature.


Five foods with 'best before' dates, and what to do with them

In most instances the following foods will all have best before dates and be perfectly good to eat once they have gone past this date. Here are some quick tips for each of the following foods.

1) Bakery items and confectionary

Biscuits, chocolates and confectionary that are past their best before should not be sniffed at! If the texture of your chocolate has changed or your biscuits have a slight bend then find them a happy home in a new dessert. Think tiffincheese cake baserefrigerator cake.

According to the Food Standards Agency (FSA) 12% of households throw out bread past its best before date. Bread can be toasted, made into bread crumbs, croutons, crisps or classic dishes like panzanella or fattoush, or less conventional lasagnas. Croissants and buns make a luxury bread and butter or summer puddings.

2) Fruit and vegetables

Trust your senses when it comes to fruit and vegetables. Unless you have a prepared salad with a use by, you should be able to clearly see and feel when fruit and veg are past their best. Don’t be scared of a little bend or blemish. You can cut around imperfections and soak fruit or veg in a bowl of water or cook lightly to put the spring back in their step.

3) Eggs

Eggs past their best before are still safe to eat, say the FSA. The official guidance says that British eggs can still be eaten two days after their best before dates have passed.

4) Cheese

Many cheeses come with a best before date so the decision on when and whether to eat them is in your hands! Moulds added to cheese to either create their rind, change their colour, taste or texture, will continue to grow but that doesn’t mean the cheese is not in good health. Many argue that cheeses get better with age. Most naturally occurring moulds that grow after a Best before date can either be simply scraped or cut off.

5) Frozen food

You can freeze virtually all foods. Food can remain frozen indefinitely and technically be safe to eat, as bacteria will not grow. However, over time all frozen food will deteriorate in quality and may become un-appetising to eat when defrosted. The time it takes for this deterioration to happen varies between foods.